Important Current Affairs and News articles from 11th May 2014 :)

As I provide per day selected important readings from important sources, so here are today’s important news articles which are directly related to syllabus. Please comment below if you like or if you want any improvements.Thanks 🙂

First of all read the following 3 articles pasted on Mrunal’s website. They are related to current affairs, very informative and well explained. Must read –

1)       http://mrunal.org/2014/05/current-april-week3-p2-history-polity-suhrawardy-sarat-bose-agreement-bengal-pact-hoysala-temple-architecture-transgender-rights-cag-audit-telecom-firms-sc-judgements.html

2)       http://mrunal.org/2014/05/current-april-week3-p2-geography-enviornment-el-nino-2014-impact-indian-monsoon-agriculture-economy-biodiversity-management-committees-critically-endangered-indian-birds.html Watch the hand drawn map. Geography questions fetch more marks with map.

3)       http://mrunal.org/2014/05/current-april-week3-p3-diplomacy-international-relations-chinas-new-maritime-silkroad-msr-policy-project-sagarmala-afghanistan-gets-russian-weapons-indian-money-mains-answerwriting-prac.html

Paper 1 GS Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society

1)       http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/foreign-investors-perpetuating-poverty-africa-says-report Topic – Distribution of Key Natural Resources across the world.

In the above article, the African Progressive Panel (APP) has reported that foreign investors are perpetuating poverty in Africa by rampant plundering of its natural resources mainly unregulated fishing and illegal logging(i.e. cutting trees for timber).

Question – check about the major natural resources of African continent?

2)       http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/kalakshetra-group-leading-indias-soft-power-push-in-china/article5996615.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly

Topic – Indian culture – Salient forms of Art, Literature and Architecture from Ancient to Modern Times

In this article, it is given that a group Kalakshetra , will perform Classic dance in China to promote Indian culture and tourism. The main things that could be promoted are – Buddhism, Indian food and costumes etc.

Main hindrances to tourism are – visa difficulties, a lack of robust promotion by India, shortage of Chinese-speaking tour guides and safety concerns

Also – Tourism spread through social media and Bollywood role could be thought off.

Paper 2 GS Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations

1)       http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/vietnamese-protest-china-oil-rig-in-disputed-sea/article5997793.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly 1st link

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-27362939 2nd link (more important)

Topic – India and its neighbourhood relations

Dispute between China and Vietnam over Paracel islands. Check the history of Paracel island in the article. And ASEAN role in the region.

2)       http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/south-asia/burns-urges-pakistan-to-deny-militant-groups-safe-haven/article5996442.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly

Topic – India and its neighbourhood

Again Pakistan and its help to terrorists in providing them with safe heavens. It’s not beneficial for anyone even Pakistan.

3)       http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/us-divided-on-prospect-of-modiled-india/article5996339.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly

Topic – Bilateral agreements and interests involving India or affecting it, Here it’s India and US

A very good read article almost describing every aspect of India-US relations. Must read.

Paper 3 GS Technology, Environment, Bio-diversity, Economic Development, Security and Disaster Management

1)       http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/ngt-directs-madhya-pradesh-frame-guidelines-public-consultations-forestland-transfer-fdc

Topic – Environment Pollution and Degradation, Conservation

This article is about Forest Development Councils (FDC) made for the conservation of degraded forests. National Green Tribunal (NGT) has asked MP state government to prepare guidelines for public consultations in matter of transferring forestland from forest department to FDC. Important points here are Joint Forest Management (JMF). Also, National Forest Policy of 1988, specifically places community participation at the focal point of all forest development activities.  

2)       http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=105038

Topic – Awareness in the field of Biotechnology

Here, the article talk about Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD) enzyme, which is a strong antioxidant, thus helps in reducing ageing problem. This enzyme was extracted from a plant found in Himalayan region, which was growing below the snow. Presently, this gene has been taken out and developed for cloning in E-coli. Bioinformatics is used to develop it further to make it suitable for high temperatures and long life. Costly in market, because of low supply and high demand.

3)       http://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/gold-imports-down-74-to-175-billion-in-april/article5998125.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly

Topic – Indian Economy and Issues related to growth, development and Employment.

In this article, it has been described that Gold Imports have been reduced by 75% and India CAD decreased from 4.7% to 1.7%.

Here, I will like to explain CAD (current account deficit) and related terms as it has high chances of coming in preliminary examination.

 

Current Account – It consists of two parts which are Balance of Trade (difference of value between export and import of goods and services) and Factor Income (repayments and dividends from loans and investments and remittances of Indians living abroad). So, any deficit in this will come in CAD.

 

The Current account is part of Balance of Payments (BOP). BOP also consists of another part i.e. Capital Account. Capital account pertains to net change in ownership of foreign assets. It has two parts which are Reserve Account (i.e. Foreign Exchange Market operations of a Nation’s Central Bank, in case of India, RBI) and Loans and Investments. (Interest payments and dividends on these come under current account)

 

So, you should be clear with Current Account, Capital Account and Balance of Payments thoroughly. Extremely important portion of economics.

 

4)       http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/fish-kill-in-mysore-bellary/article5996612.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Environment Pollution and Degradation

In the above article, a sewer pipe was going below a tank and it erupted thus resulting in huge organic content being injected in tank water. Biodegradation of organic material by bacteria consumed a lot of oxygen resulting in death of cute fishes. (very sad)

Please check the following terms – Eutrophication, and also one sentence says that excessive clouding resulted in drop of temperature thus lowering the oxygen level. Find the rationale behind it. UPSC is asking these types of question which have some logic more and more in Pre.

 

 

Paper 4 GS Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

1)       http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/2014/05/09/may-9-2014-women-religion-violence-power/23004/  Not much articles come on Ethics. Anyway read this article relating to what women deliver to society and what they get back.

2)       http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-27342341

Very beautiful article on Attitude and also helpful in writing essay 🙂

GS current affairs of 10th May 2014 :)

Hello everyone,

Today I’ve divided current news into different papers and then later also specified specific topics under which they come. Some topics I’ve given in detail and for others I’ve given only summary.

If you want some improvement, do comment below J Thanks

Paper 1

1)    The two Koreas have been divided along the world’s most heavily armed border since the 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty. Check more about Korean War Topic – political philosophies like communism and capitalism and their effect on the society. http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/north-korea-on-the-verge-of-another-nuclear-test/article5996056.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly

2)    http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/texas-city-to-get-lifesize-statue-of-gandhiji/article5994534.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Decolonisation (slavery, civil rights moment, political similarity of philosophy between Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela )

 

 

Paper 2

3)      http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/access-safe-water-and-sanitation-has-improved-says-who-unicef-report

This news is related to the following topic of paper 2 – Important international institutions, agencies and fora – their structure and mandate.

 

In the above news, WHO-UNISEF report says that access to safe water and sanitation has improved in world. Poor sanitation and contaminated water are linked to diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, and typhoid. The sanitation and drinking water also come in 8 MDG (millennium development goals of UN)

 

So, we will explore 3 terms in this news. MDG, WHO and UNISEF

 

MDG – There are 8 Millennium development goals that you should know (a) Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (b) Achieve universal primary education (c) Promote Gender equality and women empowerment (d) Reduce Child Mortality (e) Improve maternal health (f) Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases (g) Ensure environmental sustainability (h) Global partnership for development

 

So, sanitation and safe drinking water and related to MDG 1, 2,3, 4, 5, 6. Just think yourself how can you related them.

 

WHO – World health organisation (I will divide this international body into 2 parts as according to UPSC syllabus i.e. Structure and Mandate and all others from now under this article will be divided under same heading)

 

Mandate if WHO – WHO is directing and coordinate authority for health in United Nations System. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.

 

Structure of WHO – More than 7000 people from more than 150 countries work for the Organization in 150 WHO offices in countries, territories and areas, six regional offices and at the headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

In addition to medical doctors, public health specialists, scientists and epidemiologists, WHO staff include people trained to manage administrative, financial, and information systems, as well as experts in the fields of health statistics, economics and emergency relief.

 

UNISEF –  United Nations Children’s Fund (originally United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund)

Structure – Present in 190 countries. Run entirely by donations. Governments provide 2/3 of funds and rest from people and private groups.  In member countries, country office is created to implement the programmes. Regional offices help country offices in this task. Overall management and administration takes place at headquarters in New York and specialised offices include supply division , based in Copenhagen which provides majority of life saving vaccines for children in poor and developing countries. A 36-member Executive Board establishes policies, approves programs and oversees administrative and financial plans.

 

Mandate – formed for providing healthcare and food to children in war torn countries after WW-2. Now it’s a permanent part of United Nations. UNICEF’s programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. Now, agency is focussing on achievement of MDG.

 

4)    Topic – Issues relating to health and this may also come in pre. Asking which disease caused by virus.

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/lychee-probable-reason-acute-encephalitis-syndrome

acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) – Viral (Inflammation in brain caused by virus), other diseases caused by virus are dengu, Japanese encephalitis, measles – red spots followed by rash, contagious, herpes simplex virus (HSV) – painful blisters on skin.

5)    http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/turning-against-the-referee/article5993918.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Functions and responsibilities of various constitutional Bodies.

In this article, BJP accused Election Commission of Timidity and partiality. Also mention of congress Attacks on CAG is given.

 

So, here I’ll describe these 2 institutions Fuctions and responsibilities according to UPSC syllabus.

 

Election Commission – The Election Commission of India (Hindi:भारतनिर्वाचनआयोग) is an autonomous, constitutionally established federal authority responsible for administering all the electoral processes in the Republic of India. Under the supervision of the commission, free and fair elections have been held in India at regular intervals as per the principles enshrined in the Constitution. The Election Commission has the power of superintendence, direction and control of all elections to the Parliament of India and the state legislatures and of elections to the office of the President of India and the Vice-President of India.[2]

The power of superintendence, direction and control of all elections to the Local Government/Municipal Corporation is under State Election Commission. The current CEC is V.Sundaram Sampath.

CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) – The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of IndiaHindi:भारतकेनियंत्रक-महालेखापरीक्षक) is an authority, established by theConstitution of India under Chapter V, who audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. The CAG is also the external auditor ofGovernment-owned corporations and conducts supplementary audit of government companies, i.e., any non-banking/ non-insurance company in which the state and Union governments have an equity share of at least 51 per cent or subsidiary companies of existing government companies. The reports of the CAG are taken into consideration by the Public Accounts Committees, which are special committees in the Parliament of India and the state legislatures. The CAG is also the head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department, the affairs of which are managed by officers of Indian Audit and Accounts Service, and has over 58,000 employees across the country. Current CAG is Shashi Kant Sharma 12th CAG of India.

You should also remember recent supreme court judgement allowing CAG audit in private companies using natural resources of country. In that decision revenue part was to be audited so that Government is not paid less revenue.

6)     http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/asean-meet-leaders-to-raise-concerns-about-china/article5996067.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly  Topic – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

ASEAN groups Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos and Myanmar.

Now, there is conflict of interest between peaceful rise of China and its investment and trade partnership with ASEAN nations and about South China Sea Dispute.  India’s interest are that it got drilling rights from Vietnam in such territories but, china opposed any search/drilling by our companies in these territories. So, solving of this dispute is essential.

7)      http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/south-asia/sri-lanka-to-implement-un-demands-except-international-probe/article5995875.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – India and its neighbourhood relations

In this news Sri Lanka refused to allow international inquiry into alleged human rights violations and war crimes. India abstained itself from voting in UNHRC meeting in Geneva.

8)     http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/south-asia/broadbased-support-for-indus-water-treaty-in-pakistan/article5993622.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Indus water treaty Topic – India and its neighbourhood relations.

Check what is this treaty and also check about Baglihar and Kishenganga projects on net and write in comments below please.

 

Paper 3

1)     http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/ensure-zero-discharge-jodhpur-industries-ngt-directs-rajasthan Topic – Environment pollution and Degradation.

Ensure zero discharge from Jodhpur industries, NGT directs Rajasthan

National Green Tribunal imposed fine also on industries which were working without taking consent of State Pollution Control Board (SPCB), which is necessary under Water act (1972). Textile industries have alkaline effluents and Steel industries acidic. A common effluent treatment plant (CETP) was established to treat the effluents from these industries. MLD (Million litre per day).  

 

2)     http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/bt-brinjal-crop-fails-bangladeshs-gazipur-district

Biotechnology

Bt brinjal crops fail in Bangladesh. These have a gene from soil bacteria, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which makes them resistant to fruit and shoot borer (FSB). FSB is a common eggplant pest causing destruction to the crop in South Asia. The infused Bt gene in the Bt Brinjal plant disrupts the digestive system of the pest, killing it within three days of ingestion.

 

3)      http://idsa.in/idsacomments/Bodoviolence_ngoswami_090514  Topic – Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenge to internal security .

In this article, the conflict of Bodo tribal community of Assam, and migrant illegal Bangladeshi community is given in detail. There were attempts by vested interests to include the migrants into voter list. Lack of modern technologies in land records and slack process has resulted in many migrants getting lands. Also, they work cheaper thus in huge demand. Main issue is land, and identity, with increasingly violent clashes and riots happening in which both sides are killed. Internal security is at threat, if so many migrants illegally get voter ID cards and land in Assam.

4)      Topic – Achievements of Indians in Science and Technology

On 11th May, 1998 India achieved a major technological breakthrough by successfully carrying out nuclear tests at Pokhran. Also first, indigenous aircraft “Hansa-3” was test flown at Bangalore on this day and India also performed successful test firing of the Trishul missile on the same day. Considering above technological achievements on a particular date i.e. 11th May, the day of 11th May was chosen to be commemorated as National Technology Day. 

5)       Indian Railways Launches a Book ‘India Junction – A Window to The Nation’

6)      http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/sc-dismisses-petition-seeking-stall-kudankulam-nuclear-plant-commissioning Topic – infrastructure energy and also related to Environmental impact Assessment.

SC gives go ahead to Kundankulam nuclear power plant commissioning and said that it is satisfied with security measures taken by government.

7)       Some major environmental hazards are – radiation, spent fuel reuse and storage, water heating and protection from natural and security hazards.

8)      http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/sc-dismisses-petition-seeking-stall-kudankulam-nuclear-plant-commissioning Topic – infrastructure energy and also related to Environmental impact Assessment.

SC gives go ahead to Kundankulam nuclear power plant commissioning and said that it is satisfied with security measures taken by government.

Some major environmental hazards are – radiation, spent fuel reuse and storage, water heating and protection from natural and security hazards.

9)       http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=105028 Topic – Infrastructure – ports

Highest trade volume – Kandla port, also check the location of Murmugao port, Mumbai port, Kandla port, tuticorin port and paradip port. Can come in pre. Exam.  If someone comments below the states containing these ports, I’ll be highly grateful J and know that someone is reading all this 😛

10)   http://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/rajan-has-failed-will-have-to-go-says-swamy/article5994079.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Indian Economy and issues relating to growth development and employment.

In this major overhauls which BJP envisions are given. Like Income tax removal except for billionaires, immediate interest rates cut, and elimination of all subsidies. Innovative schemes like use of coupons, elimination of PDS and using bank accounts for distribution of subsidy to needy people, auctioning all natural resources of country to increase rental income are proposed.

11)   http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/crime-and-punishment/article5993920.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly  Topic – Separation of powers between various dispute redressal mechanism and institutions and also Effect of liberalisation on Indian Economy and Investment models.

Main issues in this article are spot market trading, future trading, FMC (forwards market commission) role in commodity trade regulation, NBFI (non-banking financial institutions definition and function), Today’s secure questions contain one question on above article. Go through the answers.

Paper 4

 

 

1)       http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=105027  Topic – the current topic is multidimensional and contains following topics :-

Ethics in human actions, political attitudes from paper 4 then – Pressure groups and different groups functions from paper 2 and also – role of non-state actors in paper 3 Article is must read –

I’ll copy paste 2 paragraphs from the main article here –

 

Justice Chauhan expressed concern and said that he finds lack of vigilance on the part of “state actors” in the protection of human rights saying this resulted in the increased prominence on the part of “non-state actors” in protection of the human rights. The expression non-state actors include NGOs, multinationals, armed groups, educational institutions, religious organisations, private individuals, the media and multilateral financial institutions like IMF and the World Bank,” he said. Justice Chauhan said efforts of such “non-state actors” in protecting freedom of speech and expression are commendable and their openness in criticising the unnecessary restrictions on this right has been rewarding. 

He lauded the role of media on this issue saying “the press has repeatedly played the role of a ‘social scientist’, a critic, evaluator of plans and schemes by providing thoughts and ideas, helped the poor and weaker sections of the society to have access to justice, dispensation of social justice by various means and correcting arbitrary power of executive.” Moreover, he said, the press has also helped in maintenance of rule of law. 

 

09 May Important news and events :)

Paper 1 

1) http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/strong-earthquake-shakes-mexicos-pacific-coast/article5990664.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly

Earthquake came yesterday in Mexico’s Pacific coast. Mexico’s western coast is situated on ring of fire in pacific. Also, volcanoes erruption and earthquakes are common in this area. 

Disaster management of this portion will come in paper 3. 

 

Paper 2 

1) UN announces medal for ‘exceptional courage’. This is named in memory of an unarmed peacekeeper in Rawanda who saved 100’s of lives by defying orders and going in militancy area where genocide was occurring in 1994. 

 

Paper 3 

1) http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/el-nino-likely-cause-loss-rs-180000-crore-year-assocham – Must read article. 

Major news for agricultural sector. El-nino and its effect on economy are given in this article. Our GDP will be lowered by 1.75% due to El-nino and predicted by ASSOCHAM. Then explained why Manufacturing sector is hit hard if agricultural production is low. 60% of our Net Sown Area is rainfed. Thus, inflation will rise, increasing prices of pulses and cereals. CPI and WPI both will increase. 

After that in end of article, it is brilliantly explained how to contain this problem, such as insurance cover, high quality and drought resistant seeds, market intelligence, liquidation of extra stock of FCI, import duty curbing on fruits, Scrapping APMC, preventing hoarding and speculation, Distribution of Pulses through PDS, creating relief employment programmes, providing alternate cropping plan, financial and technical help to farmers, Fuel subsidy to drought hit farmers, institutional change in agriculture, more investment by private sector, building storage capacity and tapping untapped irrigation potential. 

Paper 4 

1)http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/niman20140508#When:20:59:00Z this video shows a debate about libertarianism and transhumanism. 

Libertarian thought is that government role into market and society should be very limited and almost neglegible. Regulations should be very low, and society should be free to act according to its natural forces. 

Pros – More competition in market, More price and profit shift to people, faster development, savings in taxes Cons – without regulations tests on first few individuals may go wrong and they will suffer, loss of jobs due to high technological advancement and government spending in R and D lowered due to reduced income. Today, government provides many essential and new technologies. 

Transhumanism – This is the thought of transforming the human body by technological innovations such that, it is able to produce a very high level of intellect, strength and psychological capabilities. This is probably use of robotics in human body and implants to implement such changes. 

So, how ethical are these two concepts that you have to decide on your own. 🙂 watch the video though. 

2) http://ieet.org/index.php/IEET/more/kaku20140508#When:20:35:00Z This video is just incredible and it gives a huge insight on science impact on human life. Transhumanism is also discussed, so is discussed the various levels of intelligence and how our future is going to get transformed. Brain mapping, mind mapping, recording and feeding intelligence in Brain and latest technologies. Even telepathy, mind communication will be possible soon. Must watch video. 

think about ethical and moral dimensions of using this technology. Just brilliant think and brilliant scope in science and future. 

the above 3 topics also come under advance technologies in paper 3 

3) http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-27334038#sa-ns_mchannel=rss&ns_source=PublicRSS20-sa 

Surge of patriotism. Why it happens? why people who are indifferent change there attitude towards a particular cause or event. If you don’t understand read attitude chapter from D. subbarao book. 

 

Okay that’s all for today, will come up with next major events and news tomorrow. I’ve divided news into the different sections of Papers 1 to 4. If you guys want that I write apart from papers, topics also in front of news, then please comment below. Thanks 🙂

What I read on 1st and 2nd May 2014 :)

Major News which you should have not missed in last two days are given below. Since, all question are almost related to current affairs in Civil Services examination so Going through these becomes of utmost importance :-

1)      REDD+ programme from Ministry of Environment and Forest – This programme will give monetary benefits to the local community to protect and improve forest cover. Funds will be accrued from International rich countries, according to Warsaw pact on climate change. Amount of Carbon emission by each country is the criteria.

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/india-readies-implement-un-s-redd-programme-incentivise-forest-conservation  — Very Important Article.

2)    Great Barrier Reef
the Great Barrier Reef is a site of remarkable variety and beauty on the north-east coast of Australia. It contains the world’s largest collection of coral reefs, with 400 types of corals, 1,500 species of fish and 4,000 types of mollusc. It also holds great scientific interest as the habitat of species such as the dugong (‘sea cow’) and the large green turtle, which are threatened with extinction. The reef has been a world heritage protected site since 1981 and has been facing threats from agricultural run-off, large-scale industrial development and climate change.  

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/great-barrier-reef-danger-being-taken-list-world-heritage-sites No need to read article – Important Points I’ve written above.

3)    National Green Tribunal Bans mining in Sariska Tiger Reserve and Jamuna Ramgarh Sanctuary. -à Locate these 2 things on map, both are near Jaipur in Rajastha, may come in pre.  No need to read article.

4)    http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/solar-cells-indian-manufacturers-deny-increase-prices must read article. Read it to clear all disputes regarding solar sector.

5)    Resistance of microbes to Antibiotics is huge issue these days. Causes are – Overuse of antibiotics & not complete total course of medicine. Delhi drinking water contained some superbug (I forgot the name).  No need to read articles. http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/call-policy-check-drug-abuse-overuse

http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/drug-resistance-treatable-diseases-have-once-again-turned-fatal-says-who

6)    EU-Brazil cooperation – 1st issue is use of renewable energy and technology transfer especially biofules. 2nd Saving Amazon rainforests in Brazil which are world’s carbon sink 3rd Multilateralism and internet governance 4th Growth of Democracy and economic ties.

http://idsa.in/backgrounder/EuropeanUnionBrazilStrategicPartnership_nkhadkiwala_010514 No need to read article, you can read introduction though.

7)    http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=104968 News related to Enforcement Directorate, Paper 3 – Security agencies and their mandate

8)    Dada sahib Phalke award given to Gulzar for 2013.

9)    EU banned Indian Mango imports due to getting fruit flies in the mango consignment. Stricter checking is required by India to provide healthy and clean exports of products, which could be contaminated such as fruits, shrimps etc. This will result in building a brand value and trust.

10)http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/lessons-from-a-disaster/article5963501.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly

This article talks about ferry disaster in South Korea. This is related to Paper 4 Work ethics. Why corruption is breeding and why prime Minister and President are held responsible for such incidents?

11)http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/south-asia/dhakas-policies-influenced-by-india-us/article5967343.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly India and its neighbour Bangladesh relation Paper 2

12)http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/us-criticises-indias-counterterror-infrastructure/article5966840.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly US criticises India on its low counter Terrorist measures – Important article w.r.t. Chennai Blasts. Role of Madrasas, Money Laundering, Whistle-blower Act are all included.

13)In China XinJiang province Terrorist attack on Railway Station. China is facing huge extremist threat like India and has common interest in curbing it. Afghanistan is also crucial.

14)Killing of Journalists in Pakistan is also a huge issue these days.

15)Ukraine crisis is prolonging with more bans by US and EU on Russia. Conflict in Eastern Ukraine continues.

16)May Day also celebrated as International Labour day is celebrated today every year on 1st may. Many protests by labourers happen this year in several parts of the world. You can remember Tienmen square incident on this day in China. Workers demand improved working condition and wages. US tried to pass one such minimum wage act which was rejected in congress

17)Refugee problem is a big issue in War torn countries of Syria and Afghanistan

18)http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-27237316 Open this link if you want a comprehensive analysis of South Sudan’s situation and why civil wars are almost impossible to stop. This is another country going on path of Syria.

19)http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-27239321 Very-Very Important News. Check the spread of volcanoes and how they are formed. Also, the devastating effects of volcanoes in nearby areas, climate, acid rain, deaths of cattle and humans by respiratory problems, ash, gases. It is related to the diverging plate boundaries too. Laki volcano is in Iceland. 

 

Videos that I watched today 

1)      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xvu6u7Vr64Q&list=TL3CC9LCvJRAm2nGMP6GgmG_kh82zEfeFr

Duration – 25 minutes. This video is about America’s influence and engagement in Asia-pacific region and its act of rebalancing. Also, it has details of Ukraine crisis, Cyber privacy and Brazil’s initiative in it and Avalanche in Nepal. Very good video with many new insights on the world’s most important issues such as China and its neighbouring countries disputes and role of America in it. – Must Watch J

2)      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gAkwkgXb87E&list=TL3CC9LCvJRAm2nGMP6GgmG_kh82zEfeFr

Duration – 22 minutes. This video tells about the coal production methods, types, concerns about energy security, environment in a beautiful way. Also, it tells the history of nationalisation of coal fields. Since, corruption and scams have been unearthed recently so you can watch this video – Good watch but not must watch. 

 

Apart from this, I read Chapter 29, 30, 31, and 32 from India After Independence from Bipan Chandra 

These 4 chapters deal with land reforms and how much successful or failure they were. You will be amazed to learn that, our country’s major income was taxation on production from land. 

There was rampant absent landlord-ism, and peasantry was worst section of our society. Today, we have no tax almost on agricultural produce, but just 60 years back, 50% of government income was coming from land revenue. 

Also, land reforms were gradual and partially successful. But, they changed the course of our food production and way of land usage. First major structural reforms occurred, i.e. institutional mainly tenancy rights, sharecropper rights, sealing laws. Experimentation on socialist lines i.e. collectivization of farming, cooperatives failed in agriculture. But, it did became a huge success in Milk production, i.e. Operation Flood. 

Overall a must read to know how our country progressed and today we are 3rd largest economy despite huge disparities in income distribution. Knowing these things are must for a good administrator. 

What I studied on 30th April 2014

Today I read 4 Chapters namely Chapter 33, 38, 39 and 40 from India since Independence: Bipan Chandra. I will write their summery here:-

Chapter 33 – Agricultural Growth and Green Revolution

This Chapter deals with how India liberated itself from curse of food deficit and ‘begging bowl’ image. Initially it describes how the base of Green revolution was made by making dams, research institutes and industrialisation in Nehru’s period. Then, critical situation of food in China war of 1962 and Pakistan war in 1965. After that, it is described how technology made possible green revolution. Then are described criticisms’ of green revolution namely loss of jobs for agricultural labourers, widening of regional disparity and marginalisation of small and medium farmers in taking profit from government programmes. Later solution of these problems follows. Then how Green revolution resulted in job creation, urbanisation, and removal of poverty?

If you know the answers of above questions then no need to read, else it’s a nice reading and will give good insight on the issue.

Chapter 38 – Indian Women since Independence

Introduction talks about how Indian women position considerably improved from 18th Century to 20th Century, and her gradual participation in Indian Freedom Movement. Role of Gandhi ji is detailed. Then Hindu code bill, Shah Bano Case, Dowry issues are given. Then, Pre-independence ‘All Indian Women’s conference’ and its roles are given. Then formation of several independent women movements is given. Their involvement in peasant, environmental, trade union and tribal is depicted nicely. Cases of organisations such as SEWA, Chipko movement, Mahila Mukti Morcha and Manushi Journal is given. Then role of women’s fight against dowry, liquor consumption, domestic violence and custodial rapes is given. Sati pratha, Shah Bano and Muslim women’s condition, gap in education between men and women, and between rural women and urban women, role of Panchayati Raj Act. Health and education, direct relation between Infant Mortality Rate and Totally Fertility Rate. Girl education needs and methods.

Overall very-very important chapter for mains and Essay.

Chapter 39 – The Post-colonial Indian State and the Political Economy of Development: An Overview

Introduction starts with explaining how India’s ideals of anti-imperialism, secular democracy, egalitarian and pro-poor orientation developed during freedom struggle. Role of decentralization is explained. Then is described communist struggle and its opposition. Concept of neo-colonisation, development of India’s economic policies up to 1991 reforms is given. Then is described adoption of democracy and its effects on industry, polity and society. Nehru-Mahalanobis strategy, Nehru’s imperial alignment, rise of communal politics, Panchayati Raj, terrorist insurgencies, strong state and centre debate, and growth of populism in politics.

General critical issues of Day to Day life are given in this chapter. Most concepts are general in nature but, if you don’t know much about above topics then give a reading.

Chapter 40 – Disarray in Institutions of Governance

In this chapter, role of Institutions namely Parliament, Police, Bureaucracy, Political Parties, President, Election Commission, Judiciary, Cabinet, Public Administration, Centre-State relations and corruption is given. All the topics are of contemporary relevance, showing how their present status developed gradually since Independence.

Remark – Must read for those who don’t know much about above topics.

 

 

 

News 30th April 2014.

 This is a list of important articles from Today’s major news events. If you are not able to finish reading Newspaper daily, this list will help you to be in touch with major issues, while not wasting time on not so important news items.

1)      http://blog.practicalethics.ox.ac.uk/2014/04/the-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-stigmatizing-smoking/

Case study on legalising Cannabis due to more harmful Tobacco comes under ethics. (not necessary to read)

2)      NGT asks states to take action against Ganga (national river) polluters especially sugar mills and Dairy farms.

3)       Green tribunal stays wall construction in Rajaji National Park to not impede elephant movements.  (find this park on map, it’s in Uttarakhand)

4)       http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/uttarakhand-expert-panel-recommends-overhaul-green-clearance-policy-hydel-projects  this article relates Biodiversity, development, environment and disaster management.

5)       http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/half-world-s-economic-output-comes-middle-income-countries-un-report  this report of UN announces that if we use PPP, then half of world economic output comes from middle income countries. Some data’s are given which are useless. No need to read article.

6)       http://idsa.in/issuebrief/RevisitingIndiasNuclearDoctrine_schandra_300414  Indian nuclear policy based on ‘credible minimum deterrence’, ‘no first use policy’ and policy of ‘massive retaliation’. If you know the relation and working of these 3 policies then no need to study article.

7)      http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=104954 This article tells about 8 core industries namely Coal, Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Petroleum refinery products, Fertilizers, Steel (Alloy + Non-Alloy), Cement and Electricity. Just remember these names. Article is useless. The Index of Industrial Production (IIP) is an index for India which details out the growth of various sectors in an economy such as mining, electricity and manufacturing. Its base year is 2004-05.

8)      http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=104952 Must read article. President’s speech and contains many points which you can use in essay and GS answers.

9)      http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/poachers-kill-rhino-in-kaziranga/article5962719.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly This source tells about poaching of Rhino in Kaziranga which is a World Heritage site. So, please find this site on map of India. Also, go through the following link and http://whc.unesco.org/en/statesparties/IN/ get information about all cultural and natural heritage sites in India. Highly important for both pre and mains.

10)   Goldman Environmental Prize which recognizes “individuals for sustained and significant efforts to protect and enhance the natural environment, often at great personal risk”. This is only important information.

 http://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/a-nerve-of-steel-fetches-him-goldman-award/article5962651.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly No need to read article.

 

11)   http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/south-sudan-heading-for-catastrophe-un-warns/article5962734.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly No need to read article, Just go through the link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Sudanese_conflict_(2013%E2%80%9314) and get main points of South Sudan present civil war and its effects on India. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-27220244 There is also a problem of Child fighters being used in Africa. Go through it.

12)   Article on use of Chemical weapons – http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-27222300  in Syrian civil war.

13)   http://www.bbc.com/news/health-27204988 Must read article on health issues.

14)   Russia is “experiencing recession now” because of damage caused by the Ukraine crisis, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has said.

 

Please do comment if you like the post. Also, please tell me how I can rectify it and make it more simpler for you guys to understand. Thank you for paying a visit to the blog 🙂 

Introduction

Blogging is the latest means of mass communication through which it becomes very easy to spread knowledge and ideas. So, it’s one of best means to communicate to the society. 

Now, I’ve decided to use this powerful means of communication to spread knowledge and to guide those aspirants of Civil Services who are preparing for this examination from their homes, and don’t have access to guidance from big coaching’s. It is for them who can’t afford to pay for the huge price of coaching and living in Delhi. 

I’m not going to do provide you any shortcut.You will still have to work hard, just that it will be more focused and on track. I’ll just show you guys the gravity and depth you need to prepare for this prestigious examination. Basically what I’m going to do here is to write my own strategy and the work I do per day. I believe that the more knowledge you spread, the more it increases. So, there is no question of hiding anything. We all need even playing field. So, I’ll try to give that to you. 

Regarding what will this blog contain :- 

It will be written daily date wise, and I’m going to write summary of whatever I prepared that day. So, this way, you can get rid of this dilemma that how much to study, what to study and at-least complete that portion which I’m going to study daily. 

My optional is Public Administration and I’ll start posting columns on Pub Ad chapters after 17th May preliminary notification. 

 

From 1st May, I’m going to write daily news, important points and issues. I’ll collect those news from The Hindu and Indian Express, and will include all those news which could be relevant to our preliminary and mains examination. I’ll write a summary and small notes on important issues. Also, I’ll do a little research and tell you what type of questions may be formed, and what has been asked in previous Years on the same topic. Since, many people are not able to differentiate between important and unimportant news, so this section will be most productive one. 

Since, this time preliminary is going to be real tough, so I’ll start another section on preliminary preparation starting from June. 

I can’t guarantee that if you follow my blog, you will get 100% success. But, I can assure you that it will help you in ways such as :- 

1) Giving you a Target to complete daily in GS mains syllabus

2) Giving you a systematic news post daily with summary and question bank 

3) Guide you in optional after Preliminary notification of this year. 

4) Will keep you motivated as you can track your own performance with another serious fellow aspirant 

5) Guidance for GS and CSAT in preliminary from June onward. 

Guys if you like it then please appreciate it. I’ll work hard from my side to provide you best services that I could. It will be beneficial for all of us. Anyway, any suggestions about my strategy of this blog and how to refine it are most welcome. Please do write comments so that I could improve it.

Thank You 🙂