Today I’ve divided current news into different papers and then later also specified specific topics under which they come. Some topics I’ve given in detail and for others I’ve given only summary.
If you want some improvement, do comment below J Thanks
1) The two Koreas have been divided along the world’s most heavily armed border since the 1950-53 Korean War ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty. Check more about Korean War Topic – political philosophies like communism and capitalism and their effect on the society. http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/north-korea-on-the-verge-of-another-nuclear-test/article5996056.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly
2) http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/texas-city-to-get-lifesize-statue-of-gandhiji/article5994534.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Decolonisation (slavery, civil rights moment, political similarity of philosophy between Mahatma Gandhi, Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela )
This news is related to the following topic of paper 2 – Important international institutions, agencies and fora – their structure and mandate.
In the above news, WHO-UNISEF report says that access to safe water and sanitation has improved in world. Poor sanitation and contaminated water are linked to diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis A, and typhoid. The sanitation and drinking water also come in 8 MDG (millennium development goals of UN)
So, we will explore 3 terms in this news. MDG, WHO and UNISEF
MDG – There are 8 Millennium development goals that you should know (a) Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (b) Achieve universal primary education (c) Promote Gender equality and women empowerment (d) Reduce Child Mortality (e) Improve maternal health (f) Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other diseases (g) Ensure environmental sustainability (h) Global partnership for development
So, sanitation and safe drinking water and related to MDG 1, 2,3, 4, 5, 6. Just think yourself how can you related them.
WHO – World health organisation (I will divide this international body into 2 parts as according to UPSC syllabus i.e. Structure and Mandate and all others from now under this article will be divided under same heading)
Mandate if WHO – WHO is directing and coordinate authority for health in United Nations System. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.
Structure of WHO – More than 7000 people from more than 150 countries work for the Organization in 150 WHO offices in countries, territories and areas, six regional offices and at the headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
In addition to medical doctors, public health specialists, scientists and epidemiologists, WHO staff include people trained to manage administrative, financial, and information systems, as well as experts in the fields of health statistics, economics and emergency relief.
UNISEF – United Nations Children’s Fund (originally United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund)
Structure – Present in 190 countries. Run entirely by donations. Governments provide 2/3 of funds and rest from people and private groups. In member countries, country office is created to implement the programmes. Regional offices help country offices in this task. Overall management and administration takes place at headquarters in New York and specialised offices include supply division , based in Copenhagen which provides majority of life saving vaccines for children in poor and developing countries. A 36-member Executive Board establishes policies, approves programs and oversees administrative and financial plans.
Mandate – formed for providing healthcare and food to children in war torn countries after WW-2. Now it’s a permanent part of United Nations. UNICEF’s programs emphasize developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. Now, agency is focussing on achievement of MDG.
4) Topic – Issues relating to health and this may also come in pre. Asking which disease caused by virus.
acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) – Viral (Inflammation in brain caused by virus), other diseases caused by virus are dengu, Japanese encephalitis, measles – red spots followed by rash, contagious, herpes simplex virus (HSV) – painful blisters on skin.
5) http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/turning-against-the-referee/article5993918.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Functions and responsibilities of various constitutional Bodies.
In this article, BJP accused Election Commission of Timidity and partiality. Also mention of congress Attacks on CAG is given.
So, here I’ll describe these 2 institutions Fuctions and responsibilities according to UPSC syllabus.
Election Commission – The Election Commission of India (Hindi:भारतनिर्वाचनआयोग) is an autonomous, constitutionally established federal authority responsible for administering all the electoral processes in the Republic of India. Under the supervision of the commission, free and fair elections have been held in India at regular intervals as per the principles enshrined in the Constitution. The Election Commission has the power of superintendence, direction and control of all elections to the Parliament of India and the state legislatures and of elections to the office of the President of India and the Vice-President of India.
The power of superintendence, direction and control of all elections to the Local Government/Municipal Corporation is under State Election Commission. The current CEC is V.Sundaram Sampath.
CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) – The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India( Hindi:भारतकेनियंत्रक-महालेखापरीक्षक) is an authority, established by theConstitution of India under Chapter V, who audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. The CAG is also the external auditor ofGovernment-owned corporations and conducts supplementary audit of government companies, i.e., any non-banking/ non-insurance company in which the state and Union governments have an equity share of at least 51 per cent or subsidiary companies of existing government companies. The reports of the CAG are taken into consideration by the Public Accounts Committees, which are special committees in the Parliament of India and the state legislatures. The CAG is also the head of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department, the affairs of which are managed by officers of Indian Audit and Accounts Service, and has over 58,000 employees across the country. Current CAG is Shashi Kant Sharma 12th CAG of India.
You should also remember recent supreme court judgement allowing CAG audit in private companies using natural resources of country. In that decision revenue part was to be audited so that Government is not paid less revenue.
6) http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/world/asean-meet-leaders-to-raise-concerns-about-china/article5996067.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
ASEAN groups Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, the Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos and Myanmar.
Now, there is conflict of interest between peaceful rise of China and its investment and trade partnership with ASEAN nations and about South China Sea Dispute. India’s interest are that it got drilling rights from Vietnam in such territories but, china opposed any search/drilling by our companies in these territories. So, solving of this dispute is essential.
7) http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/south-asia/sri-lanka-to-implement-un-demands-except-international-probe/article5995875.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – India and its neighbourhood relations
In this news Sri Lanka refused to allow international inquiry into alleged human rights violations and war crimes. India abstained itself from voting in UNHRC meeting in Geneva.
8) http://www.thehindu.com/news/international/south-asia/broadbased-support-for-indus-water-treaty-in-pakistan/article5993622.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Indus water treaty Topic – India and its neighbourhood relations.
Check what is this treaty and also check about Baglihar and Kishenganga projects on net and write in comments below please.
1) http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/ensure-zero-discharge-jodhpur-industries-ngt-directs-rajasthan Topic – Environment pollution and Degradation.
Ensure zero discharge from Jodhpur industries, NGT directs Rajasthan
National Green Tribunal imposed fine also on industries which were working without taking consent of State Pollution Control Board (SPCB), which is necessary under Water act (1972). Textile industries have alkaline effluents and Steel industries acidic. A common effluent treatment plant (CETP) was established to treat the effluents from these industries. MLD (Million litre per day).
Bt brinjal crops fail in Bangladesh. These have a gene from soil bacteria, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt), which makes them resistant to fruit and shoot borer (FSB). FSB is a common eggplant pest causing destruction to the crop in South Asia. The infused Bt gene in the Bt Brinjal plant disrupts the digestive system of the pest, killing it within three days of ingestion.
3) http://idsa.in/idsacomments/Bodoviolence_ngoswami_090514 Topic – Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenge to internal security .
In this article, the conflict of Bodo tribal community of Assam, and migrant illegal Bangladeshi community is given in detail. There were attempts by vested interests to include the migrants into voter list. Lack of modern technologies in land records and slack process has resulted in many migrants getting lands. Also, they work cheaper thus in huge demand. Main issue is land, and identity, with increasingly violent clashes and riots happening in which both sides are killed. Internal security is at threat, if so many migrants illegally get voter ID cards and land in Assam.
4) Topic – Achievements of Indians in Science and Technology
On 11th May, 1998 India achieved a major technological breakthrough by successfully carrying out nuclear tests at Pokhran. Also first, indigenous aircraft “Hansa-3” was test flown at Bangalore on this day and India also performed successful test firing of the Trishul missile on the same day. Considering above technological achievements on a particular date i.e. 11th May, the day of 11th May was chosen to be commemorated as National Technology Day.
5) Indian Railways Launches a Book ‘India Junction – A Window to The Nation’
6) http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/sc-dismisses-petition-seeking-stall-kudankulam-nuclear-plant-commissioning Topic – infrastructure energy and also related to Environmental impact Assessment.
SC gives go ahead to Kundankulam nuclear power plant commissioning and said that it is satisfied with security measures taken by government.
7) Some major environmental hazards are – radiation, spent fuel reuse and storage, water heating and protection from natural and security hazards.
8) http://www.downtoearth.org.in/content/sc-dismisses-petition-seeking-stall-kudankulam-nuclear-plant-commissioning Topic – infrastructure energy and also related to Environmental impact Assessment.
SC gives go ahead to Kundankulam nuclear power plant commissioning and said that it is satisfied with security measures taken by government.
Some major environmental hazards are – radiation, spent fuel reuse and storage, water heating and protection from natural and security hazards.
9) http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=105028 Topic – Infrastructure – ports
Highest trade volume – Kandla port, also check the location of Murmugao port, Mumbai port, Kandla port, tuticorin port and paradip port. Can come in pre. Exam. If someone comments below the states containing these ports, I’ll be highly grateful J and know that someone is reading all this 😛
10) http://www.thehindu.com/business/Economy/rajan-has-failed-will-have-to-go-says-swamy/article5994079.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Indian Economy and issues relating to growth development and employment.
In this major overhauls which BJP envisions are given. Like Income tax removal except for billionaires, immediate interest rates cut, and elimination of all subsidies. Innovative schemes like use of coupons, elimination of PDS and using bank accounts for distribution of subsidy to needy people, auctioning all natural resources of country to increase rental income are proposed.
11) http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/editorial/crime-and-punishment/article5993920.ece?utm_source=RSS_Feed&utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=RSS_Syndication&utm_reader=feedly Topic – Separation of powers between various dispute redressal mechanism and institutions and also Effect of liberalisation on Indian Economy and Investment models.
Main issues in this article are spot market trading, future trading, FMC (forwards market commission) role in commodity trade regulation, NBFI (non-banking financial institutions definition and function), Today’s secure questions contain one question on above article. Go through the answers.
1) http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=105027 Topic – the current topic is multidimensional and contains following topics :-
Ethics in human actions, political attitudes from paper 4 then – Pressure groups and different groups functions from paper 2 and also – role of non-state actors in paper 3 Article is must read –
I’ll copy paste 2 paragraphs from the main article here –
Justice Chauhan expressed concern and said that he finds lack of vigilance on the part of “state actors” in the protection of human rights saying this resulted in the increased prominence on the part of “non-state actors” in protection of the human rights. The expression non-state actors include NGOs, multinationals, armed groups, educational institutions, religious organisations, private individuals, the media and multilateral financial institutions like IMF and the World Bank,” he said. Justice Chauhan said efforts of such “non-state actors” in protecting freedom of speech and expression are commendable and their openness in criticising the unnecessary restrictions on this right has been rewarding.
He lauded the role of media on this issue saying “the press has repeatedly played the role of a ‘social scientist’, a critic, evaluator of plans and schemes by providing thoughts and ideas, helped the poor and weaker sections of the society to have access to justice, dispensation of social justice by various means and correcting arbitrary power of executive.” Moreover, he said, the press has also helped in maintenance of rule of law.